Bloodstain Pattern Analysis – Advanced
The course will assist crime scene investigators in the interpretation of bloodstain evidence, evaluation and documentation of bloodstain patterns on moveable and flexible objects and surfaces (e.g. clothing articles, carpet, curtains, etc.). Subjects include physics of bloodstain formation, event analysis, report preparation, and court presentation techniques.
Successful completion of the course will furthermore require a study of scientific articles prior to the course. These articles will be supplied a few weeks before the course.
Investigators, crime scene technicians, forensic analysts, and others involved in criminal and medical-legal investigations and crime scene investigation
5 successive days, from 8.30 - 17.00 h
Number of participants
National Training Centre CBRN in Vught, The Netherlands
May 28 - June 1, 2018
1795 Euro (No VAT) per participant. Costs include course manual, lunch and refreshments during the course.
This hands-on practical course (40 hours duration) is designed for investigators, crime scene technicians, forensic analysts, and others involved in criminal and medical-legal investigations and crime scene investigation.
The advanced course builds upon the basic principles and practical skills acquired in a IABPA- approved basic BPA Course. Completion of a basic course is therefore a prerequisite for attending this advance course. Knowledge acquired in the advanced course will allow for more complex applications of bloodstain pattern analysis.
During this advanced course we will focus on the interpretation of bloodstain evidence, evaluation and documentation of bloodstain patterns on moveable and flexible objects and surfaces (e.g. clothing articles, carpet, curtains, etc.), as well as report preparation and court presentation.
The course includes instructions on the following subjects:
- Bloodstain Pattern Terminology and Identification (review)
- Physics of Bloodstain Formation
- Area of Origin Determinations (review) and HemaSpot software
- Moveable and Flexible Objects and Surfaces Examinations
- Complex Pattern Analysis
- Chemical Enhancements and Detection
- Reporting, Conclusions, and Peer Review
- Experimentation and Hypothesis
- Courtroom Presentations and Testimony (competed with a mock court)
- Administrative Requirements
During the course several moments knowledge and ability are demonstrated by the participants through tests and presentations.
Upon completion of the course the student will be able to:
- Relate characteristics of bloodstain pattern types to the mechanism of stain production
- Demonstrate the methodology of BPA within the context of the overall scene
- Demonstrate the ability to use various methods to establish the area of origin of an impact pattern and discuss various computer programs that can be used in area of origin determination
- Demonstrate the ability to evaluate bloodstain patterns on moveable and flexible objects and surfaces
- Formulate bloodstain pattern evidence into a report format which complies with scientific and jurisdictional standards
- Demonstrate the ability to review another analyst’s work (technical and administrative review)
- Knowledge and understanding of the use of chemical enhancement and detection techniques for latent or partial bloodstains
- Demonstrate the ability to evaluate complex bloodstain pattern scenes
- Apply knowledge in presenting BPA testimony and evidence in the courtroom
- Demonstrate an understanding of the properties of blood and how they relate to bloodstain pattern analysis, particularly the physics of bloodstain formation
The course will be completed by an exam:
- Each participant will have to conduct one mock crime scene, which includes registration, sampling, analysis and reporting of the examination and findings.
- Each participant has to write his/her own report according the SOP of his/her institute. The report must be in English or Dutch.
- This report together with al photographs, notes and sketches taken, has to be submitted to the NFI within 8 weeks after the course.
- After submitting the report, this report will be reviewed and questions concerning the report have to be answered in a sufficient manner as part of the exam.
Experienced forensic technical investigative police officers, forensic science laboratory staff and forensic physicians.
- Having completed an IABPA- approved Basic Bloodstain Pattern Analysis Course (40 hours);
- Each participant must have worked on at least three (3) bloodstain cases (with a senior bloodstain pattern analyst) before taking this class.
- Each participant has to send in a (anonymous) bloodstain pattern analysis report of a case.
- Each participant has to present this case (PowerPoint presentation) in a ‘court room’ session during the course.
- Each participant must complete selected readings prior to the course. These articles will be supplied after registering.
- College level basic trigonometry and college level basic physics classes OR a class similar to the current Math & Physics for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis
- J.C. Limborgh, NFI (Bloodstain Pattern Analyst at the Crime scene)
- P. van den Hoven, NFI (Bloodstain Pattern Analyst at the Crime scene)
Successful completion of the course is not sufficient to qualify the student as an expert in bloodstain pattern analysis.
Each student should bring to the class:
- Photo equipment (digital camera that is used at crime scenes)
- Laptop running under Windows 7 or higher